Blood cancer is mostly referred as leukemia is a condition that affects the blood cells of the body. Yet, like any other type of cancer, this too is classified into different categories for the ease of understanding as well as treatment. B cell chronic lymphatic leukemia, which is also known as Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or CLL affects the B cells present in the white blood. This is generally a slow growing cancer that develops mostly in the adults. As this cancer has a slow-growing process, it remains undiagnosed in the initial stages. While some patients get their bone marrow affected in nodular pattern, there are others who get it in an interstitial pattern. Some patients may also get it in mixed pattern, as well.
Symptoms of B Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Most of the people diagnosed with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia do not have any symptoms in the early stage. Yet, patients may develop the following symptoms with the progress of the disease.
- Frequent infections
- Weight loss
- Night Sweats
- Painless yet enlarged lymph nodes
- Enlarged spleen leading to a constant pain in the left portion of the upper abdomen
Causes of B Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Though medical science has made significant progress in the recent past, it has not yet been possible to pinpoint the actual cause of this chronic leukemia. Research so far indicates that some abnormal lymphocytes are produced in the blood cell DNA during their genetic mutation. These abnormal lymphocytes that are produced not only are ineffective but also they increase rapidly. Thus, taking place of the normal lymphocytes when they die and leading to problems in blood production.
Possible treatment options
The treatment of this cancer depends on the age of the patient as well as the spread of the disease. Apart from medication, doctors mostly prescribe blood transfusion and chemotherapy of the patient diagnosed with this condition. Nowadays, there are several clinics in the United States, which treat this type of cancer. Dana Farber Cancer Institute is one of the leading places for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.