Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is a disease that affects babies and toddlers under the age of 5. When affected, it usually shows up on cheeks and scalps and slowly spreads to arms, chest, legs and other body parts. However, after the first year, the most probable areas it can be found on would be back of the knees, insides of the elbows, ankles, wrists and several other places. Almost 20 percent of babies and toddlers suffer from this disease. It starts at an earlier age. About 65% of them are found with symptoms in the first year and about 90% show the symptoms before 5 years of age.
The rash appears as a thickened, scaly, dry skin with red bumps that can ooze. Scratching can create a lot of problem in this condition. Although this isn’t contagious, the rashes are extremely itchy which leads to a lot of discomforts and can ultimately lead to scratching making the problem worse.
The cause of eczema is unknown; however, one of the most probable reasons would be an inheritance from the family line. Although the disease is not of the allergic category, irritants or allergens like cigarette smoke, pollen, are capable of worsening the situation.
For being able to handle this disease, take tips from your doctor on how often to bathe the baby, the kind of soap to be used and other related details. It is preferred to choose lukewarm water over hot water as hot water is capable of drying the skin faster than lukewarm water. For bathing, prefer a mild soap. Once you’re done bathing the child, pat the child dry with a soft towel; do not rub. Once dry, the right amount of moisturizer, as advised by your doctor must be used. This emollient locks the body’s moisture to the child’s skin. Use natural fabrics and avoid any scratchy materials that might irritate the skin. Using soft sheets in cribs could help the kid prevent scratching to an extent. Apply cool compresses to scratchy areas followed by a moisturizer to soothe the flare-ups.