Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that is idiopathic in origin and that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth up to the anus. It is normally caused by an immune reaction in the intestines. Crohn’s disease is normally a chronic condition with symptoms including severe abdominal pain, loose stools, at times, with blood and also weight loss. Crohn’s disease is a lifestyle-related disease that responds well to constructive lifestyle changes in terms of diet, sleep and exercise patterns. While the exact cause is as yet unknown, research shows that Crohn’s disease can be aggravated due to genetic inheritance, an impaired immune system, and hygiene, and smoking, stress and so on.
What is the treatment for Crohn’s disease?
The conventional medical treatment for Crohn’s disease includes immune-suppressant drugs such as infliximab, natalizumab, cyclosporine, azathioprine and so on. While these medications do not guarantee a cure, they reduce the inflammation and associated pain symptoms and also contribute to good management of the condition. Sometime anti-inflammatory steroidal drugs are also used. With proper monitoring and administration of medication, it is also possible to enable a remission of the condition.
What kinds of diet help in the management of Crohn’s disease?
Typically for those who have Crohn’s disease, specific foods are known to aggravate the symptoms. Most doctors recommend a low-residue high-calorie diet with ample proteins intake. A low reside diet is one in which the amount of undigested food that passes out in the bowel movements is limited as much as possible, with the result that the person passes fewer stools of lesser quantity. A low residue diet calls for limiting the consumption of foods that are carbohydrate and fiber-rich like some cereals, bread, nuts and specific fruits and vegetables with seeds. Most doctors recommend eating small meals at shorter intervals with light snacks in between to reduce bowel inflammation.
For those who are not lactose intolerant, the consumption of probiotic yoghurt has shown to have some positive changes in the gut flora.