Hemophilia is a medical term referring to a disorder of the blood. The genetically inherited disease affects blood clotting due to the low level of ‘clotting factor’, or the protein needed to clot blood. People suffering from this blood disorder need to take special care even if they get a minute cut in their body, as they are always at risk of excess blood loss. You may not be aware that the database of the World Federation of Hemophilia states that around 1among 10,000 people inherit this disease at the time of birth.
Diagnosis of Hemophilia
Failure to diagnose hemophilia at an early stage can turn fatal for some people, as hemophilia treatments are best started at the onset. To diagnose the disease, pregnant women from families with hemophilia record can consult the gynecologist for examining the fetus for this disorder. Though this will help in detecting the problem, it can pose some risk to the unborn. Hence, should be done with due care and after complete understanding of the consequences. Apart from conducting fetus tests, doctors advise blood tests to detect the disorder. In a majority of the cases, the disease is diagnosed by the age of 2 years. In some exceptional cases, it might remain unnoticed until the patient undergoes any surgery or gets injury leading to blood loss. The Mount Sinai Hospital has a dedicated wing for diagnosis and treatment of hemophilia, and you can book their appointment if need be.
Treatment of hemophilia
Hemophilia is an incurable disease. Different therapies are applied for clotting the blood. DDAVP injections are prescribed for patients with mild hemophilia as it helps in increasing the clotting factor level of blood. However, DDAVP injection might not be helpful for severe cases, and doctors generally recommend blood infusion. In some instances, clotting factor from the blood of a donor is infused to check blood loss. Plasma infusion is needed only for patients with Hemophilia C. Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen drugs are entirely prohibited for hemophilia patients, as these can worsen the condition.
Leading a healthy lifestyle and practicing a healthy dental habit is a must for patients diagnosed with hemophilia. Also, doctors recommend staying away from activities that can lead to injury or cuts.