Neurological disorders are the disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in neurological disorders. Migraines are severe, recurring and painful headaches. The cause of a migraine is not yet known; however, most people suffering from a migraine are genetically predisposed to it. There are certain triggers like stress, lack of food, alcohol, hormonal changes and lack of sleep which commonly occur before a migraine attack.
Types of Migraines :
‘A migraine without aura’ lasts between 4 to 72 hours when untreated or unsuccessfully treated. A headache is usually on one side with a throbbing sensation which worsens while walking or climbing.
There’s another type of migraine, i.e. ‘Migraine with aura’ which has most of the symptoms of migraine without aura and some additional symptoms which last for a very short period, like visual disturbances including blind spots in the field of eyesight, colored spots, flashing light before eyes and other symptoms like numbness or tingling, weakness on one side of the body, dizziness and a feeling of spinning.
Medications for a Migraine:
- Medication to stop a migraine:
Medicines like Acetaminophen (Tylenol), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen (Advil, Aleve, Bayer), Triptans (serotonin receptor agonists) like sumatriptan (Imitrex), eletriptan (Relpax), Frovatriptan (Frova), naratriptan (Serge) and zolmitriptan (Zomig) are used to stop a migraine headache.
- Preventive medicines:
Anticonvulsants like Topiramate, anti-depressants such as amitriptyline, an antihistamine such as cyproheptadine, calcium channel blockers like verapamil, botulinum toxin like Botox, beta blockers like propranolol are medicines which prevent the occurrence of a migraine attack. These medicines are advisable if medicines to stop a migraine aren’t working well, or you have more than two headaches during a month, which keep you from doing your daily activities, or you have symptoms like a long period of aura or numbness during a headache.
Avoid migraine triggers – Avoid triggers like alcohol, caffeine or poor sleep.
Stress management – Verbalising frustration to reduce stress and improve mental health, pursuing an enjoyable activity can help in relieving anxiety.
Improved diet and sleep habits – Taking a nutritional and balanced diet, having a regular sleep schedule can help in preventing migraine.