Sarcoidosis occurs when our body responds to destroy foreign substances inhaled through the air. The collection of these inflammatory cells called granulomas, causes sarcoidosis mainly in the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes, and skin.
Sarcoidosis affects young and middle age adult men and women. People exposed to insecticides and chemicals, building construction, gardening, and hard materials, and teachers are more likely to contract sarcoidosis. Genetic factors also can cause Sarcoidosis.
Most of the time Sarcoidosis goes away on its own. There are no symptoms too. However, in some cases Sarcoidosis stays over long periods of time with very general symptoms and if undetected can cause damage to the organ affected. Some of the crucial regions or organs that Sarcoidosis has an effect on are:
Lungs: Even though there are no specific symptoms of Sarcoidosis, shortness of breath, fatigue can indicate Sarcoidosis. Sometimes it is diagnosed when the doctor takes a chest x-ray for some other problem. 9 out of 10 cases of Sarcoidosis patients are infected in the lung with severe dyspnea, persistent dry cough or with phlegm. Sometimes fibrosis forms in the lungs and makes breathing tough.
Eye: Children are more likely to be affected by Sarcoidosis in the eye. 2 out of every 10 patients with Sarcoidosis are affected in the eye. Any part of the eye can be affected – eyelids, cornea, lens, retina. Watery eyes, redness, itching, and pain in the eye are some common symptoms. Very rare cases of Sarcoidosis in the eye have resulted in cataract or loss of vision.
Skin: Skin is affected in 2 out of 10 patients with Sarcoidosis. Raised patches appear on the face. They appear reddish to purple in color. These patches can also affect arms, legs, and butt. Most of the times these symptoms go away but a consultation with a doctor is advised to prevent recurrence.
Symptoms for any of the above forms of Sarcoidosis can either never manifest or disappear quickly or stays over prolonged periods of time. Hence it generally advised not to take any of the symptoms lightly and a trip to the doctor can save a lot of pain in case the symptoms recur in regular periods of time