With the stress and tension levels increasing day by day, sleep is accessed lesser with each passing day. This is capable of leading to a troublesome lifestyle with a lack of focus and motivation towards the much-needed tasks, various mental and physical health problems and much more. As such, when chosen with proper knowledge, care, and guidance, sleeping aids can be of enormous help. Although, it is still a concern for the safety associated with these aids and how they could cause more harm than good. In order to increase the benefits and avoid the side effects, it is important for one to know how these sleep aids work and choose them according to their convenience.
Among the most recent sleeping aids available, selective gama-amino butyric acid (GABA) is one. These pills act on one particular GABA receptor in the brain known to promote sleep. GABA receptors are known to control our levels of alertness or relaxation. GABA also brings the problem of potential side effects like hallucinations and memory disturbances. Hence, it would be advised to consult a doctor before popping them in.
One of the recent sleep medicines, Ramelteon (Rozerem) is the only drug available which is capable of modifying the sleep-wake cycle. This medicine is known to show its effect directly on the circadian rhythm. Melatonin is known to induce sleep. This particular medicine specifically binds to melatonin receptors in order to promote sleep. It comes with zero risks of physical dependence; however psychological dependence is always unpredictable. So far, no significant reports of hallucinations or sleepwalking have been recorded by the use of this medicine.
One of the older medicines available would be benzodiazepines which work on the GABA receptors in the brain and leads to sedation, relaxation and promotes sleep. They lead to quite a few side effects and these medicines are available only by prescription. Although this might be the right choice sometimes, it should be used with utmost caution.