For long, it has been assumed that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder affects only children, but the fact remains that children who present with symptom of ADHD, when left untreated, grow to be adults with issues in paying attention for extended periods of times, low concentration, inability to perform specified tasks within the set time and working in an organized fashion. ADHD symptoms, when left unaddressed, can lead to a host of physiological and emotional health complications in adult life including eating disorders, chronic stress, anxiety, substance abuse, low self-esteem and so on.
Research has shown that as many as 1/3 adults who had untreated ADHD in childhood grow up with ADHD symptoms. Treatment of adult ADHD requires a multidimensional approach requiring the inputs of several doctors and specialists. While the symptoms per se may be addressed through prescribed medication, often some cognitive behavioral therapy or counseling may also be recommended. Systems of holistic wellness such as yoga and naturopathy are also proving to be effective in ADHD treatment.
Now, wide arrays of drugs are commercially available for ADHD treatment in adults. These drugs have been subject to stringent testing and have been found safe for human consumption. Stimulative medications like methylphenidate, commonly sold as Ritalin, Adderall, Concerta, Vyvalin etc., seem to have significant efficacy in ADHD treatment for adults. These stimulation drugs may also be available in a sustained release formulation for longer lasting effects. There are also a number of non-stimulation medications that are available for ADHD treatment including Strattera, Intuniv, Kapvay and so on.
However, doctors need to take a lot of care in prescribing medications for ADHD treatment so that the medication does nor exacerbate any other co-existing conditions. For instance, with people who already have a diagnosed substance abuse issue, it may be contraindicative to administer stimulative medications.
Further, while ADHD treatment medications are generally considered safe, they are known to cause certain side effects such as nausea, palpitations, varying pulse rates and insomnia in some patients.