During an asthma attack, the muscles inside the airways tighten considerably while the lining of the airways gets swollen. The inflammation forces the lining to make thicker mucus in larger quantities. This mucus obstructs the airways, making it very hard to breathe. An asthma attack can escalate quickly, if not controlled on time. The key to controlling an asthma attack is to identify the asthma attack symptoms as and when they start occurring. Here are some early signs of an asthma attack you need to know about.
- Frequent cough
If you find yourself coughing incessantly, especially at night, chances are you may experience an asthma attack soon. You may also experience this cough after exercising.
Breathlessness is usually one of the most common severe asthma symptoms. In the wake of an asthma attack, individuals usually start feeling breathless. They lose their breath easily and find it hard to complete even simple tasks without running out of breath. If you feel the same way, you might have an asthma attack.
- Reduced readings in the peak flow meter
If you have asthma, chances are high for you to have a peak flow meter at home. A peak flow meter helps you identify asthma attack symptoms as and when they start occurring. A reading less than 25% of your normal reading would usually indicate an impending attack.
The feeling of breathlessness will be coupled with a feeling of exhaustion or weakness. You may mistake the exhaustion as a feeling of tiredness. But when coupled with breathlessness, this is one of the most severe asthma symptoms you need to be worried about.
- Mood swings
The feeling of breathlessness and exhaustion can lead to another one of the asthma attack symptoms i.e. mood swings. You may experience constant mood swings like sadness, anger, and sorrow and may get upset for no reason at all.
Some of the other signs you need to be wary of include constant sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, and headache. Keep a close check on all these asthma attack symptoms and treat them as soon as possible, if you link them to a possible asthma attack.