Locally advanced prostate cancer is a condition where cancer breaks the covering of the prostate gland and may spread to tissues around the prostate, tubes that carry semen is the seminal vesicles, nearby organs like the rectum or the back of the bladder or the lymph node which located near the prostate gland. The severity decides the type of treatment needed for prostate cancer. Factors like age, general health, side effects and the type of cancer also decide the treatment method. Hormone therapy is an effective way of treating locally advanced prostate cancer but there are other methods too which are used in combination with the hormone therapy for better results. Let us take a look at some of the other treatment methods.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs that slow or stops the rapid growth of the cancer cells. Nowadays chemotherapy is combined with the ADT for better results where cancer has spread to other sites. Chemotherapy has seen to work in conditions where the initial medication fails to produce any result. Chemotherapy is followed by more of it or hormone therapy based on the condition and receptibility of the patient. A typical chemotherapy dosage cycle is 21 to 28 days. Side effects of chemotherapy include nausea, temporary hair loss, and decreased blood count.
Secondary Hormone Therapy
Over a period of time, ADT and chemotherapy stop showing any positive result that is the cancer cells become immune to the treatment, and are also used for metastatic prostate cancer treatment. Secondary hormone therapy is administered under such conditions. Some of the drugs used are as follows:
- Abiraterone: Abiraterone blocks the production of androgens by the prostate cancer, testes, and the adrenal gland. Abiraterone has proved to be very effective in the treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer. Usually, abiraterone is taken along with a steroid to void complications.
- Enzalutamide: It is best for people who haven’t received chemotherapy. Enzalutamide hampers the production of Androgens by facilitating the growth of cancer cells.
It is difficult to decide on what treatment to go for when it comes to cancer. It’s best to list all the options for treatment. Consider the pros and cons of all the procedures and chose a treatment that will have the maximum output with the least side effects.