RCC or Renal Cancer Cells account for 2 percent of all different cancers and approximately, there are 28,800 cases of the same in the US, out of which 11,300 deaths happen.
Cure needs to be done at an early stage itself. Sometimes, it so happens that the symptoms might be delayed, which is why advanced metastatic tumors develop. The stage is a very essential factor that you need to consider.
Around 30 percent of people are diagnosed at the 2nd and 3rd stage i.e. advanced stage. The survival of stage 4 people is very low. The 5-year survival rate differs from 0 percent to 10 percent. Proper advanced renal carcinoma treatment is extremely essential for prevention of problems.
The options and recommendations of treatment vary from person to person; moreover, it depends on various factors like the stage of cancer, type of cell, type of cancer, overall health, preferences and side effects. The care might also include side effects; you need to collect as much information as possible for learning more. Questions should be asked and doubts must be cleared. Talk to the doctor and understand goals.
Targeted therapy is an advanced treatment and targets proteins, genes and other factors related to the growth of cancers. Healthy cells aren’t damaged at all. As per studies, it is shown that the tumors don’t have similar targets.
- Anti-angiogenesis therapy
The main focus of this treatment is to stop angiogenesis. In this, new blood vessels are made. There are many drugs that can stop VEGF, a protein that doesn’t allow new blood vessels to form. The best one is Bevacizumab (Avastin). Tumor growth is slowed down. The FDA has approved it. Another effective way is blocking them with Axitinib, Pazopanib, Cabozantinib, Sorafenib, Sunitinib etc.
- mTOR Inhibitors
Temsirolimus and Everolimus are drugs that help in targeting protein that contributes to the growth of kidney cancer cells. These drugs slow the growth of kidney cancer.
Studies have shown that these drugs and medications are constantly evolving and have their own side effects too. Talk to the doctor and take it accordingly with the prescription.
Things will become easier with proper advice